For HR, Big Data—the volumes of data collected electronically and then stored, ordered and analysed—presents an unprecedented opportunity to create better business results through more proactive talent acquisition. Talent is the fuel that powers the business, and organisations that successfully place the right people in the right place at the right time will enjoy greater productivity and better results.
A new solution for an old problem
“Today, many companies are reporting that their number one constraint on growth is the inability to hire workers with the necessary skills.”
This statement by former U.S. President Bill Clinton is intriguing because it came during his two-term presidency—in the late 1990s. At that time, the thriving economy and technology boom made it difficult for many companies’ talent acquisition efforts to keep pace with business growth and demand.
Fast-forward to 2013, and the statement still holds true. Though economic conditions have changed, staying on top of—much less ahead of—talent demand continues to be a challenge for many companies and their HR functions. For a company to achieve its strategic objectives and growth goals, it must continuously have the right talent in the right place at the right time. Or, as author Jim Collins explains in his book Good to Great, companies must “get the right people on the bus, and in the right seats.”
Big Data is the new frontier for innovation, competition and productivity—across all industries and functions. By leveraging Big Data, HR can transform its image from a “reactive” recruiting function, responding to the “just-in-time” talent needs of the business, to a “proactive” business partner that has the foresight to make better and faster talent acquisition-related decisions. Let’s face it: if you’re a just-in-timer, you’ve missed the right time and you’re playing catch-up. But if you blend Big Data insights with more traditional workforce planning, you’ll have the time needed to gather and choose from among the best candidates.
Big Data provides the insight HR needs to predict outcomes and take action that improves the likelihood of success. A prime example lies within the realm of recruitment marketing. By understanding what sources yield the highest-quality job candidates, you’ll make job posting decisions that put your marketing message in front of the right people, at the right time, to get them to act on that message (apply for the job).
Big Data drives recruitment marketing and more
Recent advances in data storage and data mining have enabled businesses to ask questions they could never ask before and see connections and patterns that could not otherwise be seen. One consequence of these advances is the emergence of job boards as a gold mine of information for employers and HR departments. Big Data analysis of job board postings can show recruiters not only which sources have the greatest likelihood of generating a stream of the specific types of candidates they need, but also which day is best to post a certain job to each board. This analysis can also forecast candidate volume and how long it will take to receive the majority of responses for a posting on a given board.
Big Data can even help you determine why or why not a candidate takes the final step to apply for your posted job so that you can adjust your course of action accordingly. Perhaps you need to create more standard job titles or write clearer job descriptions, for instance. Job board data can also show you how your postings measure up to your competitors’. Poorer performance against a competitor could likely mean a branding problem. All this insight contributes to competitive intelligence, marketing agility and strategic advantage.
The uses of Big Data in talent acquisition extend beyond job boards. Organisations can gather both internal and external data, such as pre-hire assessments, attrition, compensation, performance data and demographics, to predict candidate success and tenure. For organisations with a large workforce and large volumes of internal data, Big Data analysis can help determine how many employees are needed now and forecast how many will be needed in the future. One start-up in the U.S. uses a combination of data aggregation technology and a proprietary algorithm to analyse developers’ online code and professional contributions in their quest for top developer talent. HR is just beginning to see the possible applications of Big Data for predicting, creating and retaining a strong workforce.
Because business cycles are moving faster than ever before, HR organisations that don’t leverage Big Data analytics and insight to become more proactive will not only find themselves frenetically scrambling to fill positions, but will also risk seeing their company fall behind the competition. Big Data is supporting HR’s evolution from a traditional administrative function to a more valuable partner and player within the business— one that can help deliver true business results through strategic talent acquisition.
Nothing is more critical to business success than having the right talent in the right place at the right time. By leveraging Big Data, HR can enhance their recruiting efforts through more predictive, evidence-based, strategic decision-making.